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Argolida West

The streets of Pausania _add_to_favorites
The streets of Pausania

The Mountainous Region of Argolida

Tourists that visit Argolida usually refer to tourist guides, which mostly recommend county's southern areas as best place to visit. The cities of Argos and Nauplia, the archeological sites of Mycenae, Tiryntha and Epidaurus, as well as various southern seaside resorts are very popular. However, few visitors have met the breathtaking view of the Argolic mountains and even fewer can imagine this other side of Argolida.All mountainous villages have common characteristics.

They are linked with narrow streets and pathways and they have common manners and customs, feasts etc.The architecture of those villages is typical. It represents mountainous Peloponnese: two-storeyed, gray houses made of stone with wooden loggia and several flowerpots upon the wooden or stony stairs. Just 10-30km away from Argos, all villages can be excellent mountain resorts. They are natural balconies, where visitors have the opportunity to scan the sea and the plain among the perennial trees.




The mountain above the villages of Statheika and Schinohori
(in the other side of Mycenaes).

The Ridge draws an outline of a dead giant. (Agamemnon?) 


The streets of Pausania



On the 2nd century BC, Pausania was the first traveller of Argolida's mountainous regions.

According to his "Rambles in Greece":

There are many roads that link the city of Argos with other Peloponnesian cities. On the right side of the road that leads to the city of Tegea is Mountain Likoni. This is where the sacred of Goddess Artemis with the white marble statues is built.    (On 1888, excavations had brought into light a well-built precinct, believed to be the sacred of Artemis).  At the same side of the road stands Mountain Chaon, where springs river Erasinos. At this river take place several sacrifices for Gods Dionysus and Panas, as well as a feast called Tirvi.   Chaon is a hillock at the foot of which there are the rich springs of river Erasinos in the village of Kefalari.   Upon the springs, there are two caves that used to be dedicated to Panas and Dionysus. One of them has now become a church of the Virgin Mary.      

Spiliotaki – Velanidia – Andritsa – Achladokampos

1st Tour

The first trip to the west of Argolida is thirteen km south of Argos, after the village of Myloi. Three kilometres after the railway level crossing is the area of Spiliotaki and the village of Velanidia. However, before reaching this area, you will meet the built-up area of Kalamaki crossed by the stream of Xavrias.






 Spiliotaki – sixteen kilometres away from Argos – is a flat area with pastures, fertile hills and fields, cultivated with citrus and apricot trees. Situated next to the railway line, it is a wonderful ‘balcony’ on the cove of the Argolic gulf.

 Only one kilometre away from Spiliotaki, archeologists have found a number of pots, statuettes and other significant relics of the ancient town of Eleou.


Next to the gully and the railway line there are some small and beautiful plane trees. They used to be huge once, ready to stop the rapid streams of the river. Today, river Xavrias has the power to destroy trees and cover the area with mud.



Velanidia is situated near Kotsonis built-up area, 22 km away from Argos. It is inhabited by 20 families that occupy themselves with olive trees, cattle raising and arboriculture. The recovery of a Byzantine capital clearly indicates the historical background of the region.

 On the whole, Velanidia is regarded as a mountainous village, however, its economy grows as if it is a village in a plain. This is mostly why its population, liveliness and dynamism remain stable.


Andritsa is the southernmost village of our trip. Following the rising road that leads to the village, it is 28 km away from Argos.


 The few locals that still live in the village deal mostly with cultivation – olive trees, produce and grains – and cattle raising. They try to keep unquenchable their faith to historical continuity. Andritsa contains two churches; the church of St. Vlasis at the top of a hill and the Byzantine chapel of St. Demetrios.

 Andritsa is a village where excavations have brought into light a number of relics that belonged to the ancient and medieval times. Archeologists have found funeral gifts and coins, as well as evidence of ancient water tank.

 Finally, from Andritsa visitors may scan the Turkish road of Agogiostrata at the southern side of Ktenias that once led to the village of Achladokampos.

On the way to Axladokambos

The old national highway that linked Argos with the city of Tripoli is one of the most well known roads in Greece. It used to be a road of communication with central Peloponnese known then as Kolosourtis. From Kolosourtis (the road) visitors have the opportunity to admire the wonderful view of the Argolic gulf and Nauplia.

The new national highway that links Corinth with Tripoli has made Kolosourtis less busy. Although traffic is not frequent, the road has been reconstructed. It is now wider with less curves and non-slippery surface.

Before reaching Achladokampos and on the right side of the road, there is a 4km road that leads to Nera. There are many springs and plane trees in Nera, as well as an old Byzantine chapel rebuilt by the emigrants. This is where the great feast of Achladokampos takes place.


Achladokampos is an amphitheatrical village with stony houses, 35km away from Argos.  This is where Argolida and Arcadia County are linked.



  Achladokampos was once the largest among the villages.  Now, it still retains its ‘supremacy’, as therare many well-maintained houses, a large church, a school, a nice square and a building with hot bath. 

 At the foot of Partheni Mountain Range were once many wild pear-trees. 
It is said that Achladokampos was named after them (Achladi=pear). At least, this is one version.  The other says that the village was named after the olive trees.  Specifically, when a Turkish emperor came in view of the plain full of olive trees, he exclaimed Ach! Ladokampe! (Ach=exclamation, Ladokampos=plain with olive trees).

On the whole, Achladokampos is a village based on cattle raising. The locals still maintain old customs and they are ready to enjoy themselves by organising feasts on Trinity Sunday and Pentecost.

Kefalari - Kokla - Elliniko - Zoga - Krioneri - Tourniki

2nd Tour


kefalariKefalari is situated three kilometres southwest of Argos. It is among groves, rural houses, modern villas and old traditional watermills. The picturesque church of Zoodochos Pigi along with the amusement groundsaround river Erasinos springs, make Kefalari an attractive place to visit.

 The waters of river Erasinos form a wonderful lake under the church of Zoodochos Pigi. The scenery becomes even more beautiful with the plane trees and the large number of taverns.

 The village of Kefalari is also known for its cave that used to be a subterranean riverbed. Excavations had brought into light Neolithic ceramics, however, the cave had been inhabited much earlier. German archeologists had found blades and spearheads that date back to the beginnings of the late Palaeolithic Age, circa 35000 BC!

 The church of Zoodochos Pigi or else the Virgin Mary Kefalariotissa has been built in the cave and it is visited by a large number of pilgrims each year.




Driving after the old abattoirs of Argos along olive and orange groves, you reach the isolated village of Kokla. Kokla has a panoramic view of the plain and the Argolic gulf. Its beautiful stony houses are renovated by their owners, who visit the village during summer so that they enjoy the clear atmosphere and the majestic view of the plain and the gulf.



Keeping on travelling to the southwest we meet Elliniko, a semi-mountainous built-up area that lies on the southeast side of "Evaggelismos". It is a fertile area with olive trees, apricot trees, lemon trees and a large variety of orange trees. Elliniko has been built around the church of St. George upon "Kastraki" hill. At the top of the hill, there is a peculiar ancient building: the Pyramid of Elliniko.

The Pyramid of Elliniko 

 The Pyramid of Ellinikellinikoo rises gray and mystic upon the tranquility of the plain. Situated next to the road that links Argos with Tegea, it is a magnificent blockhouse-tower. Pausania and his contemporaries regarded pyramid as a burial monument. However, recent excavations did not confirm the latter. Instead, it was characterised as a roadside fort.
 The wall-building of the pyramid is polygonal that dates back to the fourth century BC. Exactly like the ones in Egypt, its four walls are sloping and its interior forms a square room. Several observations have led to the assumption that the pyramid was truncated.
 The most substantiated view belongs to the German archeologist L. Lord and the Greek I. Pikoula, who excavated the monument on 1937. According to them, the pyramid was the strong foundation of a roadside blockhouse that dated back to the end of the 4th century BC.



 Four kilometres southwest of the Pyramid and fourteen kilometres away from Argos lies the ‘village’ of Zoga (few houses among oaks).

 It would be worthwhile visiting the chapel of St. Nikolaos, which is an hour walk from the village. It is a chapel built into an isolated rock by a monk called Gerasimos at the beginnings of the 19th century.

 After Zoga, there is an isolated place that has a wonderful view to the eastern steep sides of Ktenias Mountain. You will also have the opportunity to visit the chapel of St. George.


Kria Vrisi

Kria Vrisi is a mountainous and isolated village with very few inhabitants .
 Most of the houses are in a good condition, while there is a large newly built church located next to the older one. The mountains of Ktenias, Artemisio, Gaidourovouni and Mavrovouni surround the three villages on the northern basin of Argolida County.


Krioneri or Bouga

 Three kilometres northwest, some isolated houses form another ‘village’, the built-up area of Krioneri or Bouga.

 Before reaching the village’s main fountain, you will meet a road on the right. This road leads to Tourniki.

 One and a half kilometres after Krioneri, you will also meet a clump of four huge oaks. It is an ideal spot for camping and rest.



Tourniki, a village situated on Mountain Artemisio, is isolated and usually snowed during winter. It is more crowded on summer, when visitors are attracted by its beauty.

 The village’s main feast takes place on the fifteenth of August. However, things used to be different on that day years and years ago. People used to dance, sing and enjoy themselves until dawn.

 In this area, vegetation is not abundant. But still, trees such as oaks, fir trees and pine trees cover many square kilometres.

 On Mountain Artemisio near the village of Krioneri, there is the sacred forest of Artemis. Myth says that the forest contains ten poisonous and deadly trees, a real danger for animals such as horses. Its scientific name is Taxus Vakata.

Agios Stefanos - Chooni - Fregaina - Mercuri - Mazi - Karia - Vrousti
3rd Tour

Agios Stephanos 

 Agios Stephanos is a village situated between Argos and Karia. It is an isolated built-up area that once belonged to Fregaina. 



 On our way to Karia, there are the built-up areas of Chouni and Spaneika. There are two beautiful villages with old and modern houses scattered on both roadsides. Lately, the region has been dramatically developed due to the extended cultivation of orange and apricot trees.






The village of Fregaina is 16Km away from Argos. It is a cattle-raising village with both stony and modern houses. It’s most beautiful characteristic is the church of Saints Apostoles.





Merkouri is a village of 30 houses, not particularly mountainous. Its inhabitants deal with olive trees, produce and cattle-raising.

The natural environment that surrounds Merkouri is majestic. This is where Artemisio and Ktenias Mountains join.



Mazi or Aria, situated near the site of the ancient town Inoi, is a beautiful village built on the eastern mountainside of Mount Artemisio. Due to it’s altitude it is a popular summer holiday resort. It’s few inhabitants  deal with farming, olive trees, bee-keeping and cattle-raising. The stony houses keep their traditional style while there are some modern buildings which are used as cottages.
 The vegetation and the springs make it attractive even to the occasional visitor.
 The ancient town of Inoi was a small town, known just for the victory of the Athenians and the Argives against the Lacedaemonians (around 460 BC). According to Pausanias, following the route from Argos to the west, one would reach Inoi, situated at the foot of Artemisio Mountain next to the modern village Mazi. There are only a few remains of the town among which a polygonal wall of a room. On the peak of the maountain there was a temple devoted to Artemis.




Karia is one of the most beautiful mountainous villages of Argolida County. It is also the largest one. 

The village is the favourite resort to all those who live in Argos, as they have the opportunity to enjoy the snow during winter. And it is only 20 kilometres away!

 The village was first built on the top of Prophet Helias. Later, the locals decided to move lower, as the cold was intolerable. During the Greek War of Independence of 1821, Karia suffered the anger of Ibrahem.

Nowadays, the locals deal with cattle-raising, vineyards and olive trees. At the centre of the village, there is the elementary school, a stony building that ‘hosts’ few pupils, who still live in Karia. Do not forget to visit the ruins of the old watermills. They are signs of the glory that was. 

Monastery of the Virgin Mary - Karia



moni_Karia Before reaching the centre of Karia, there is a road that leads to the old monastery of the Virgin Mary, 1100 metres above sea level. It is a natural balcony that looks out on the Argolic plain and its islands and it dates back to the 14th century. It was founded upon the ancient temple of Artemis and the ancient columns with their capitals still support the monastery’s interior.
 Driving towards Nestani, you will feel the chill and the beauty of nature at the mountain of Artemisio. You may visit "Solinari", the first natural spring, as well as "Neraidovrisi" under the top of the mountain. Just before entering the village, you will meet "Brakatsaki", a spring with waters rich in sulphur. It is a spring with great therapeutic qualities.
 On the whole, Artemisio with its natural beauty and the great view is a well-known and picturesque mountainous resort of Argolida.



 Vrousti is a mountainous villaAg_Ierousalimge situated on the southern mountainsides of mountain range Mpachriami. It is only 16km from Argos and it is a ‘balcony’ that looks out on the peaks of Artemisio, Karia, Agrilitsa and Fregaina. The chapel of Prophet Helias has a view of Neochori, Sterna, Malantreni, Koutsopodi and many other villages.
 The two main characteristics of the village are stone and silence. It is a combination that creates feelings of peacefulness, tranquility and intangible fear due to the view of the abandoned houses and the ruins. 
 Cave of Santa Jerusalem: In Vrousti, there is a small chapel built into a cave, a craggy rock that stands above Chouni. It is called Santa Jerusalem

Maladreni - Shcinochori - Sterna - Lyrkia - Kapareli - Neochori

4th Tour 



Malantreni is a natural northern boundary at Nemea’s side, a village the links Argolida and Corinthia Counties. It is semi-mountainous, 16km from the city of Argos. It is as lively as Schinochori but with a more lyrical character.

 The locals are also hard-working and they mostly deal with olive and citrus trees, apricot trees and produce. Malantreni is well known for its vineyards and it produces fine quality wines..



Three kilometres after Koutsopodi is Schinochori, a lively village situated at the foot of Arkoudovrisi.

The locals are hard-working producers and traders in open markets. They also deal with cattle-raising, tobacco crops, aviculture and olive trees.

The village’s churches are Zoodochos Pigi and St. Demetrios and they were rebuilt by the locals in 1925.

At the built-up area of Chelmi near Schinochori they have discovered two ancient wells and other ancient relics.



Driving towards Lyrkeia, you meet the village of Sterna, 17km from Argos. Sterna was once supplied with water by the spring of Tsiristra. There is still a tank (a ‘sterna’) in the village that dates back to Roman Ages.

In general, it is a f lat village, with no particular interest.




Lyrkeia is a more mountainous village.  Its soil is suitable for vineyards, olive trees and tobacco crops.

 Lyrkeia is the capital of Lyrkeia Municipality. It is one of the most notable villages in Argolida.  The locals are constantly exploit village’s fertile soil by cultivating olive trees and tobacco.  After Lyrkeia, you meet the citadel of the prehistoric town of Lygeia.



Kapareli is a village surrounded by rich and mountainous vegetation, as it is situated between the mountains of Lyrkeion and Artemisio. Opposite it is the mountain of Xerovouni (Melidoni). It is 27km away from Argos.





 Neochori is 580 metres above sea level. It is a small and poor village, 35km from Argos. Lately, there is a slight development, as the locals build new houses. They mostly deal with cattle-raising and olive trees.

Douka - Kefalovriso - Frousiouna - Alea - Exochi - Agios Nikolaos - Skoteini

5th Tour 

Douka Vrisi

 Douka Vrisi has cattle-raising families that deal with goats, tobacco crops and olive trees. The local women used to work the looms and produce nice patchwork. Many people from Douka have moved to Argos, Athens and other countries as well. The village’s church is Zoodochos Pigi.





Four kilometres after Douka and 36km from Argos is Kefalovriso, a village among green trees and cool waters. It is one of the most beautiful and impressive mountainous villages of Argolida. Kefalovriso is named after the well-known spring that stands next to the church of the Virgin Mary.
 Years ago, the event of marriage was celebrated very specially and the locals followed traditional customs. Feasts lasted a whole week!. 


After Kefalovriso is Frousiouna, a small village among trees and green, 6km from Kefalovriso and 45km from Argos. Frousiouna is ‘protected’ by the gigantic mountains of Lyrkeio, Trachi, Armenia and Karoumpalos.

During winter it is inhabited by few people. On summer though, it is frequently visited by people who own houses and want to enjoy nature. At the centre there is a nice stony fountain, while on Armenia Mountain there is the chapel of Santa Paraskevi.

 Frousiouna was once keeping the spirit of tradition alive. Again, marriage was celebrated in a special way.


Ancient Alea

Upon the imposing hill of Tapia or Goula, there are some ruins and walls of the ancient citadel of Alea. Excavations have brought into light foundations of a palace, small towers, a tank and funeral gifts. At the ancient town of Alea there are the temples of Artemis Ephesia, Athena Alea and Dionysus



Alea is a beautiful and amphitheatrical village, 74km from Argos. The locals have dried up the village’s lake, so that its fertile soil offers crops much earlier. They also cultivate lentils, chickpeas, beans, maize, potatoes, tomatoes, other produce, grain, barley and other cereals. There are many apple, walnut and almond trees. As most Argolida villages, Alea is constantly developing. It is a village with traditional renovated houses, new roads and newly built buildings. The church of the Virgin Mary is village’s main church and locals believe that dates back to the 13th century. In general, the picturesque narrow streets and the traditional houses bolster up the beauty of the village.




Exochi or "Tatsi" is situated at the foot of Mountain Farmakas. Its houses are surrounded by tall trees and it is a lyric and cool picture on summer and an ideal snowed landscape on winter.
 The few local deal with cultivation and cattle-raising. They have also olive trees and 2000 walnut trees.

Agios Nikolaos

Agios Nikolaos is situated upon the high mountainside of Mountain Farmakas. The village’s characteristics are the same as Alea and Exochi. They have exactly the same climate, with harsh winters and cool summers. The most impressive spot of Agios Nikolaos are the ruins of the houses that the Germans had destroyed during the Second World War. They still stand proud and firm, as if they expect to be reconstructed.

 It is a pleasant small village with white houses

 among gigantic oaks and cedar trees.




Driving through the plain of Alea, you reach the village of Skoteini, one of the most beautiful landscapes of Argolida County. It holds a key post, as it is a passage of all three counties (Argolida, Arcadia, and Corinthia). Skoteini was gradually built in three locations and it is now situated upon two mountainsides.

 Skoteini has always been a large village. It contains many new houses, cafes, bars, an elementary school and a high school. It is a lively and modern mountainous village that has adopted the new way of living. The locals deal with cultivation.


Gymno - Farmakas children camps

6th Tour 


After the village of Sterna, we reach Gymno. It is a lively village situated upon the eastern mountainsides of Mountain Farmakas. With the old stony houses, the traditional fountain and the Byzantine chapel of the Virgin Mary, Gymno maintains the mountainous characteristics. At the same time though, it is a village with characteristics of a plain, as it has smooth land, several modern houses and easy communication with Argos and Nemea.


Driving up the Mountain Farmakas - magnificent mountain with fir trees - we reach Farmakas children camp, organised by the Municipality of Argos. It is a naturak landscape full of fir trees and enough chill.
The camp haw got the basic facilities, That is, cookhouse, lounge, a church, few buildings and lots of tends.
Lately, the City Hall of Argos has emloyed a number of measures that aim to the development and modernisation of the camp, so that children's stay is safer, more comfortable and pleasant,
Children have the opportunity to practice all sports and gymnastics, explore the natural enviroment and practice art (theatre, music, painting and constractions).
During the last few years, the camp hosts 200 children between 7 - 14 years old. The camp also hosts children of emigrated Greeks and children from "fraternised" cities.

Δημιουργήθηκε:Tuesday, 22 January 2008
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